The National Research Environment

How are Research Institutions (universities, research centers) organised nationally?

Public entities: research-development institutes, centers or stations organized as public institutions, research-development institutes or centers organized within national firms, national companies and regies autonomes or the ones belonging to public central and local administration, international research-development centers created on the basis of international agreements, other public institutions or their components that have the research-development activity in their statutes.
Private entities: research-development entities organized as firms, firms and their components that have the research-development activity in their statutes, private accredited universities or their departments.

On 21st of December, 2016, The Second National Open Access Workshop dedicated to the Research Data was hosted by the National Academy of Economic Sciences with all interested parties attending - the major funding agencies, representatives of the Ministry of Culture, Prime Ministry Chancery, National Meteorological Administration, repository representatives, representatives of Open Data Coalition, and NGO representatives. This edition has been focused on the very important topic of data, the management of the research data.

The aim was to make an European context for the possible actions on the national level. The second target was to find the proper incentives for advancing on the Open Sciences path.


On 26th of November a national Workshop for Open Science, Open Access and Open Data was held at the Bucharest University of Economic Studies in Bucharest, Romania.

The workshop was organized by Kosson - OpenAIRE NOAD in collaboration with Chancellery of the Prime Minister - DSOD, Academica A.S.E., SIG eGov ROAIS being hosted by the Bucharest University of Economic Studies Library.


With great satisfaction we inform you that Open Access became in Romania the main „access to knowledge” as the brand new National Strategy for Research, Development and Innovation promoted it. The last cycle of policies in research, development and innovation has finished and a new period opened spanning until 2020. The new document was approved in Bucharest on 21st of October and ratified by the Romanian Government on 28th.
The new Strategy is aligned with the European policies - Innovation Union and takes traits of the new Horizon 2020 financing instrument.


Taking a look at the country profile put by the DG Research in the Research and Innovation performance in the EU Innovation Union progress at country level brings some realities concerning the valorisation of the research in terms of presence:


the share of national scientific publications in the top 10 % most-cited publications worldwide has declined slightly in recent years.
Overall, the number of international co-publications with other European countries is the lowest in Europe, suggesting that Romania does not benefit sufficiently from the international knowledge flows favoured by the ERA architecture.[...]
Demand for knowledge is weak and there is an underdeveloped innovation culture.


We are convinced that a solid implementation of the new Strategy through the attached National Plan (PNCDI 3) resulting in a wide dissemination of the Romanian research output as open access will lead to reaching the targets focused on scholarly communication.


The Strategy presents one important action(4) fundamental and frontier research(4.4) having a dedicated component:


4.4.2 Access to knowledge
An intensified publication activities and rapid expansions of scientific journals put financial pressure on the research institutions and individual researchers.
A restricted access to scientific knowledge weakens information exchange and knowledge transfer inhibiting innovation. For 2014-2020 strategy the priorities are ensuring and sustaining open access to research results through:
- ensuring access to the main scientific research flows for all research organisations.
- encouraging the publication of the Romanian research results financed from public budget in gold open access standard.


What the Strategy brings as a helping instrument for the future of Open Access is building a National Register of all Research and Development Infrastructures which will ensure an enhanced access to the infrastructures, both for public and private environments, and it will create a market for scientific and technical services, contributing to the international visibility of the research results of Romania and also to the economical sustainability of operating the implementations.


Another envisaged instrument useful for the future statistical analysis is the National Registry for the Researchers. Both registries will provide a good bases for establishing an Open Access infrastructure and a natural bridge to the European well established peering structures like OpenAIRE+ (Strategic orientation instruments - 4.2.7).


The governance(ch. 6) of the Strategy mentions the transparency entailed with regards to the data collected by the registries. In fact, the National Plan envisaged building a real National Archive for Research, Development and Innovation.


With regards to publication and supporting editorial processes, 2-10% of the entire research budget will be allocated and are considered indirect support actions.
The novelty introduced comes in the form of a brand new institution needed to be initiated having the main activity gathering all the data from all the actors involved.
One of the indirect actions (5.4.4) concerns:


2 . Subsidizing scholarly communication:

(a) Subsidizing local scientific literature accessible online (scientific literature, original books)
(e) Contracting communication services for the Romanian research output.

4 . Evaluation and monitoring of the Research, Development and Innovation system:

(a) Support projects for the National Archive for Research, Development and Innovation;


Still, the main analytic indicators for the scientific international presence are represented by the presence in Scopus and WoS and WoK, but there are mentioned "other indexes". This presents an opportunity for making the case of Open Access and the alternative metrics.


The last important detail concerning data gathering will be the use of a national identifier for the projects no matter the source of financing. This also allows a broader interconnectivity with the European projects.


The Strategy comes as a seal for the commitments taken by the Romanian Government in its engagement with Open Government Partnership. The document accessible on  sets two new big engagements: Open Contracting (25th of April, 2014) and Open Access (16th of May, 2014).


The new Strategy together with the National Plan and the National Action Plan for Open Government Partnership open up the field for a renewed scholarly communications valorisation practices creating good incentives for further Open Access developments.


Nicolaie Constantinescu, National Open Access Desk, OpenAIRE+

Open Access Explained - intro scenePhD Comics offers a very entertaining view upon Open Access with the animated catoon style Open Access Explained!

This is most welcome for those very image oriented.

This goes very well with another video this time by Lawrence The Architecture of Access to Scientific Knowledge (Lecture at CERN, Geneva, Switzerland, 18 April 2011)

Some time for reflection is always welcome...
Confederation of Open Access Repositories logoThe report provides an overview of the current interoperability landscape in terms of the types of services that are now possible because of recent research and development efforts from throughout the Open Access community.

Section 1 of this report provides an overview of the current interoperability landscape and the services where progress has been made in recent years as a result of research and development efforts. Areas covered in this overview include:

  • Metadata harvesting
  • Usage statistics
  • Cross system content transfer
  • Creating unique identifiers for authors and repository content
  • Increasing visibility of contents stored in repositories through Internet search engines
  • Support services for repository networks
  • Integrating repositories into research administration workflows
  • Support for compound objects – digital objects that include multiple components or files

Additional areas that are currently under development and are briefly addressed include:
Services to support linked data

Section 2 of this report provides further details on specific initiatives that are designed to support these services or address common challenges. Initiatives addressed include: AuthorClaim, CRIS-OAR, DataCite, DINI Certificate for Document and Publication Services, DOI, DRIVER, Handle System, KE Usage Statistics Guidelines, OAI-ORE, OAI-PMH, OA-Statistik, OA Repository Junction, OpenAIRE, ORCID, PersID, PIRUS, SURE, SWORD, and UK RepositoryNet+.
PKP logoEIFL-FOSS and EIFL-OA co-organised a webinar coinciding with Open Access Week 2012. The topic focussed upon providing access across open access journals and open access repositories, with a particular focus on Open Harvester Systems (OHS) software.

The guest speaker was Alec Smecher, Technical Architect for the Public Knowledge Project, Simon Fraser University Library, and lead developer of Open Journal Systems (OJS), Open Conference Systems (OCS), Open Harvester Systems (OHS), and the PKP Web Application Library (WAL).

Oleksandr Novytskyi also presented a case study from Ukraine - using OHS for a centralized search in all Ukrainian open access repositories supported by the Institute of Software Systems, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and Zhytomyr Ivan Franko State University.

You can download Alec Smecher's slides here
You can download Oleksandr Novytskyi's slides here

Open Access Romanian logo beta versionStarting with the Open Access Week 2012, the Romanian information specialists, researchers, funding agencies and interested parties are the beneficiaries of a new portal dedicated to Open Access advocacy: (beta version).

This is the online place where those interested will find relevant information concerning new models OA is proposing to the scholarly communication Romanian community and to the world at large.

We invite you all to support and be part of our efforts by signaling interesting resources or seeking our participation in projects dedicated to Open Access.

The next step is to begin a collective effort in establishing an infrastructure capable in sustaining a long-term preservation of the Romanian research output, and here the experience of our collegues from all over the world is most than welcome. This important step is one of the pillars of the proposed actions enshrined in the Open Access Understanding. This document is waiting your signature as it aims to gain as much support as possible from all those who believe in the value of OPEN.

Thank you for all the useful answers given when Kosson members when asked for and please, remember that all of you are a little part of today's achievements here in Romania.


Activity of the Council of the European Union concerning Open Access.
About how things are.